City of Bayamo, second village founded by Diego Velázquez
The City of Bayamo, current capital of Granma, county of the Oriente of Cuba, has to its favor an almost 500 year of history. It was in fact the second village founded by Spanish Governor Diego Velázquez in the archipelago.
San Salvador de Bayamo was the original name of the city founded in 1513, only preceded by Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Baracoa and followed by other five principal populations more during the advance toward the occident of the island.
The city also had the attractiveness of has been the capital of the First Republic in Weapons during the independence geste of the XIX century, linked with the decision of its residents of setting on fire it before giving it in the colonialists' hands.
Bayamo, homeland of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, well-known as the Father of the Homeland, it was here also where to the heat of the fight it was conformed the National Hymn that accompanied the Cubans in the war and it arrived until our days.
The huge history content that accompanies the visitors is supplemented with the exponents of the colonial architecture, reflected in its constructions and museums that even remain in foot in spite of the step of the years.
The traditions support the popularity of the city, and many of the tourists that travel toward her boosted by a popular song of the decade of the 80, where it's refers to the custom of walking in carriage through the sinuous and narrow streets of the city.
The residents of Bayamo, faithful to that habit, they are made use of old vehicles of the colonial time thrown by horses, thanks to a movement of artisans that conserves until our days the art of building that means of transport, respecting of course the characteristics of its original conception.
Those more than four centuries of the population's existence also contain an important culture imposition, which wraps those that bet on the recess in that centennial town of the Oriente of Cuba.
The Cuban rhythms, especially those that prevail in the Oriente of Cuba, open up to the pleasure of the visitors in the soiree of the House of Trova, with the best exponents in that art in the territory.
To all the above-mentioned it's added the attractiveness of the Historical Center, where it's located the Native House of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes - see of a colonial museum -, the Square of the Hymn and the Cathedral of Bayamo.
Also, the memories are conserved in the call Altarpiece of the Heroes, the formerly Convent of Santo Domingo - transformed today in a theater - and the old barracks, where in 1953 one of the fight pages was written in the last stage that concluded the 1959.
For those that go to the centennial city it's available the services of facilities like Villa Bayamo, the hotel Royalton and the Carousel Sierra Maestra, this last one lowers that characteristic trademark of the Group Cubanacán that receives to facilities located in city and nature environments.
The offer of Bayamo to the tourism puts again in evidence that the Oriente of Cuba is more than sun and beaches, it is also nature, history, culture and traditions, added in an excellent mixture to offer the attractiveness that the visitors look for in the city of the carriage of the Oriente of Cuba.