Geography of el Oriente of Cuba
The Oriente of Cuba is the most mountainous region in Cuba for the height of its peaks like for the abrupt and extensive of its orographical massifs.
This region in form of triangle whose vertexes are the preto of New Big, the tip of Maisí and the end Cruz, this limited one: for the north the Old channel of Bahama; for the east the strait of Maisí or Step of the Winds that it separates it of the island The Spaniard (Haiti and Dominican Republic); for the south the sea of Antilles; and for the west for sea the gulf of Guacanayabo that is part of the sea of Antilles and for earth from the outlet of the river Jobabo whose bed toward the north forms the limit with the county of Camagüey for whose north portion serves it as limits with this county the bed of the New Big river until its outlet.
In the Oriente of Cuba we can distinguish diverse subregiones: Sierra Maestra, Sagua-Baracoa Massif, Toa river, Gulf of Guacanayabo, Cauto River, Salto Fino, among other.
The Toa river is the most abundant river in the Island of Cuba with 131 kilometers long. It is located in the county of Guantánamo in the Oriente of Cuba. The basin of Toa river is one of the most remarkable accidents in the Orthographic Group of Sagua-Baracoa, considered from last century as “incognito earth” ... more info.
The Cauto River is located in the Oriente of Cuba and it is the longest in Cuba. Its hydrographic basin is born from the called place La Estrella, in the municipality of Palma Soriano, county of Santiago de Cuba. It has an extension of about 8.928 km², with 343 kilometers long and it is inhabited for approximately for a million people. ... more info.
Sierra Maestra is a mountainous chain located in the Oriente of Cuba mainly in the counties of Granma and Santiago de Cuba. This is one of the most majestic natural scenarios in all Cuba, declared as national park in 1980 ... more info.
Sagua-Baracoa Massif is a transcendental upland of the Oriente of Cuba separated from Sierra Maestra for Guantánamo River and Valle Central where it’s found valuable reservations of the endemic biodiversity of Cuba and Caribbean ... more info.
Gulf of Guacanayabo
Gulf of Guacanayabo is located in the Oriente of Cuba among the counties of Granma, Camagüey, Las Tunas and Jardines de la Reina archipelago. It is characterized to have great number of keys and coralline reefs in its shallow waters ... more info.
The natural landscape Salto Fino is the biggest cascade in Insular Caribbean. It located in the Oriente of Cuba it facilitates to link to the nature tourism to that hydrographic accident, provoked by a tributary of the abundant Toa river. ... more info.